The clergy included people such as: monks, nuns, parish priests and bishops. However, his statement also mirrored the events that have taken place several decades earlier, on the North American continent, when the British administration have helped to ignite a major social uprising among colonists. The long-term causes include the unholy alliance between church and state, aristocratic privilege, and chronic near-starvation in the French population due to low farm productivity. He participated in many wars. As a result, food riots took place. For example, they were exempt from paying many taxes and were allowed to collect dues from the peasants.
The French … people also enjoyed more political freedom and a lower incidence of arbitrary punishment than any of their fellow Europeans. Pamphlets circulated that charged Queen Marie Antoinettewith s … exual impropriety. The Reformists were increasingly frustrated with LouisPhillipe and uprisings were breaking out all over France because ofit. So they influenced the people for revolution. Little did the King know that he had helped bring about his own downfall. A larger population created a greater demand for food and consumer goods.
This ultimately became an important source of revolt as bread was and still remains the main item of every French grocery list. The provincial parlements responded angrily and met with the same fate. Nothing was being done to help the starvingpoor, food prices were high, and wages were either low ornonexistent. These merchants had to fight the church and the aristocracy for power. What was lawful in one town might be illegal in the other town. She always felt proud as she was the daughter of Austrain Empress.
Hence in 1789 the Estates General was summoned to decide the financial issue of equal taxation on all the classes. But this gesture eventually caused the French Monarchy's budget to dry up. Before the French Revolution the whole way that a person lived and breathed depended on their social status. The election process fought for by the 1848 revolution, became state -controlled elections. The financial crisis which left the door open for revolution began during the American War of Independence, when France spent over a billion livres, the equivalent of the state's entire income for a year. The document was adopted by the National Assembly on August 26th, 1789. Thus whereas the farmers were exploited, the royal treasury was also being looted by these revenue officers.
In 1847, the year prior, the bourgeoisie had called for liberal reforms that would expand the vote to 200,000 middle-class citizens. He recalled the Paris parlement and made it clear he was just tiding the nation over until the Estates General met. He published a report on the income and expenditure of the State in order to arouse the people. One last type of cause to the French Revolution was cultural causes. The effect was a government and a citizenry in chaos that ended the monarchy and opted for what they hoped would be a more responsive form of government that could at least provide bread and the hope of a better future. Even so there are three other important factors to the revolution, Political, Social, and Cultural.
Troops were sent into Massachusetts to strengthen British authority. Taxes were also levied on articles of everyday consumption like salt or tobacco. Most of the money the French government controlled was used by King Louis to support either himself, or the clergy and nobility. The farmers, cobblers, sweepers and other lower classes belonged to this class. People were angry that the King had complete power over them and their families, but they were also angry of the laws that the whole government had issued. Metropolitan Paris has now extended far beyond its ancient suburbs into the countryside, however, and nearly every French town and village now numbers a retiree or two driven from the city by the high , so that, in a sense, Paris has come to embrace the desert and the desert Paris. There were many other reasons for this revolution.
One example of freedom was the freedom of speech. As one of the five permanent members of the —together with the United States, , the , and —France has the right to veto decisions put to the council. However, the cost of bread skyrocketed and people were hungry and starving. Because the people were so dissatisfied in their government and with church leaders they called for changes. The common people had a strong hatred towards the higher clergy. All these laws are passed without consultation of the colonists.
It is easy to interpret the American Revolution simply as a struggle for freedom. As it stood, pre-Revolution, the South planted and harvested the cash crop, while the British hauled it away and sold it. The king sent his soldiers to Grenoble to disperse the crowd that had gathered in Grenoble to support the parliamentarians. The Estates General was a favorite answer. He also spent a huge amount over the construction of the royal mansion at Versailles twelve miles away from Paris. Frequent elections bred apathy, and filling offices by nomination became commonplace even before Napoleon made it systematic. The most concrete results of the French Revolution were probably achieved in 1789-91, when land was freed from customary burdens and the old corporate society was destroyed.
Finally, Montesquieu advocated for a system of government based on a separation of powers with three branches of government, including: executive branch, legislative branch and judicial branch. The monarchy was inept, indecisive and ineffective. In the 17th century there were religious wars and Protestants and Catholics imprisoned each other. Between 1789 and 1799, however, democracy failed. With no money in the French government the country rev … olted. An English landowner named Arthur Young traveled a great deal in France and was shocked and appalled by the level of poverty he encountered in a once rich and prosperous nation.
The doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, writers and philosophers belonged to this class. The present has, however, enjoyed notable stability since its promulgation on September 28, 1958, marked by a tremendous growth in private and the rise of centrist politics. He was a weak king and didn't realize how bad the situation was for the commoners in France. Peaesents didn't have to pay more taxes after Napoleon took charge. The Storming of the Bastille.