If there were any power relationships there could never be a single perspective. Feminist theory and sociology: Underutilized contributions for mainstream theory. Harding argues that feminists must see Standpoint Theory from a contextualized multidisciplinary view and accept plurality as a legitimate source of different understandings, and not as a limitation to feminist analysis Harding 198. As women become less muted and more vocal, the dominant position of males in society will diminish. The focus of this theory is women's social positions, such as , class, , and economic status.
Standpoint has been referenced as a concept that should be acknowledged and understood in the field, especially when approaching and assisting clients. Stanley like many others Morritt, 1997; Hennessey, 1995; Harstock, 1983 , analyses the work of Sandra Harding, one of the leading spokespersons on Standpoint feminism. The predominant culture in which all groups exist is not experienced in the same way by all persons or groups. No viewpoint could ever be complete, and theresnolimit to anyone's perspective. Another model of communication says that communication is simply the process of transferring information from the sender to the recipient where the recipient decodes the information and acts accordingly. Audiences are key to effective persuasion as well.
Local or social knowledge comes from time, place, experience and power. Cultural Studies theorists, therefore, are concerned with media influenced and framed with profit in mind. Girls are expected to behave decently and weak, whereas boys are expected to be mischievous and dominating. Objectivity is the reality and truth based on data and facts. Contemporary sociological theory: Continuing the classical tradition. This is also true of candidates for President during campaigns and election time.
New knowledge is important for both dimensions to change. Intentional overbalance of power, or revenge, can manifest as justification for extremism and militarism, which can sometimes be seen in more extreme forms of feminism. Standpoint of Black Feminist Thought Black feminist thought is a collection of ideas, writings, and art that articulates a standpoint of and for black women of the African Diaspora. For example, when parents tell their children what to do and the children obey, there is a perceived power that the parents have over their children. I argue that because relations of power can be used to dominate people, they are likely to mobilize a complex set of motivations that prompt potential informants to either conceal or distort relevant evidence. Knowledge helps people understand part of the world that they normally tend to not understand.
Reason and emotion, public and private, nature and culture, and subject and object are just a few of the pairs of opposites that are common organizing principles in Western thinking. Holland; Boston; London : D. In a sense, they tell us what to think about, and how to think about it. These structures form social systems which develop a life of their own. Hennessey 1995 , posits, Marxisms usefulness to feminism is that it understands the social ensemble of economic, political, and ideological arrangements. As women have similar experiences, this situation should change.
Thus the universal law of communication theory says that all living beings whether they are plants, animals, human beings communicate through sound, speech, visible changes, body movements, gestures or in the best possible way to make the others aware of their thoughts, feelings, problems, happiness or any other information. The social groups we belong to shape how we see the world and how we communicate. Affilia, 8 2 , 171—183. Sandra Hardings theories are generally used as the canon on standpoint feminism, particularly standpoints on women and science. This need for struggle emphasizes the fact that a feminist standpoint is not something that anyone can have simply by claiming it. Para Religious Standpoint So far as the religious arguments are concerned regarding permission of euthanasia, most of the religions predominantly find it as an unacceptable act which is by no means allowed by the religions. Communication Accommodation Theory describes when people accommodate or adjust their communication styles to others.
Thus, mediated sources can shape peoples sense of reality. Evolution: is it a fact or just fiction? She argues that: Most significantly, in attending to the complex material forces that structure the relations between social positioning and ways of knowing, feminist standpoint theories have challenged the assumption that simply to be a woman guarantees a feminist understanding of the world Hennessey also refers to Hardings work as part of the canon for standpoint feminism. Individualistic cultures place value on the individual and in an attempt to protect self-face, they adopt a dominating conflict style. An individual has to communicate to express his feelings, pass on information to the other human beings and share his thoughts and feelings. If one has lived through an experience that they claim to be experts on, they are seen to be more credible than those who have not lived through that same experience.
Women and Language 26 2 : 53—65. But, while this self-disclosure can be effective in creating intimate relationships, it can also leave one or more persons vulnerable. The child could simply go against this punishment and play outside. James and Reeve looked at April. Below we describe five different theories of gender development.