Author Referencing Information The contents of www. The rising now seemed so formidable that the Queen and Council sent a deputation to Wyatt to ask for his terms. There are also some economic reasons for the break out. Their mutilated bodies were hung from the different gates of the City of London. Indexes, compiled by decade, are available.
While this may not seem that important today, in the 16th century it was a new world order. He was later tried and beheaded, as were his daughter , and her husband , both still in prison since the failed attempt to put Lady Jane on the throne and neither of whom were involved in the uprising. Despite being a child, Edward was a zealous Protestant and under his rule England became a Protestant nation for the first time. Sir Thomas Wyatt was declared a traitor. The remaining members of the Dudley and Grey families must have been expecting a similar fate. After several fights a herald appeared and asked Wyatt to surrender rather than cause more bloodshed. It is on record that they lost no time in breaking their promises and reaching London.
Her situation was dire as the conspirators had planned to marry her to Courtenay. Mary I succeeded in getting the complete support of her capital. The French ambassador was also involved and if it went well he promised money, equipment and, most importantly, soldiers who would attack the English colony of Calais and also land a force on the east coast of Scotland. Wyatt himself was taken to Whitehall, and thence to the Tower of London. On Jan 30th left Rochester, diverting to Cowling Castle 4 miles away to storm s castle which surrendered after a feeble pretence of resistance and advanced on Gravesend with a force between two and three thousand men. Elizabeth was the focus of all Protestants and in danger of being implicated in conspiracies to overthrow her Catholic half-sister Mary. The block stood ready and close by a basket half full of sawdust.
He lingered a day at Rochester waiting for troops from Tonbridge and parts of the West Country that did not arrive. This was feared far more than her Catholicism in itself. Elizabeth, meanwhile, had been summoned to Court and was held incommunicada, in mortal fear. Focused in Protestant Kent; rebels reach London but city stayed loyal to Mary. Neighbours and friends were urged to secure the advancement of ' liberty and commonwealth', which were imperilled by ' the Queen's determinate pleasure to marry with a stranger'. He too was now deservedly executed, together with his hapless daughter and her husband Guildford Dudley. But the Imperial Ambassador to England, Simon Renard, suspected that something was about to happen.
This was identified as the main cause of the rebellion in the contemporary book, written by John Proctor in 15 54, entitled The Historie of Wyates Rebellion. On March 15th he was called before a court at Westminster to answer a charge of high treason. News that Sir Peter Carew was spreading dissent at in Devon, by saying publicly that a Spanish king would bring the , reached the Court in January 1554. To the discomfiture of the crown he put up such a masterly defence that he was acquitted, but in the expectation that a further charge could be brought against him he was not released until 18 Jan 1555, when he retired to his home in Northamptonshire. Under increased pressure of time, the planned rebellion was moved forward and went awry. After prolonged negotiations a marriage was arranged between Mary and Philip, son of the Spanish Emperor Charles V.
Every effort was made, including the use of the rack, to make implicate. Their goal was to dethrone Mary I and replace her with Elizabeth, who they then wanted to marry Lord Devon. Sir Thomas Wyatt, Sir James Croft, Sir Peter Carew and Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, were the four main leaders of the rebellion against Mary I. For the rest, Gardiner and Norfolk were of course released, and it was obvious that the party so long suppressed would now have the upper hand; but there was no vindictive treatment of the other side. The government quickly heard of the Kent uprising and levied 600 troops in London to quell under the command of Thomas Howard, the octogenarian duke of Norfolk. He had served for a short time as sheriff of Kent, were he had his estate of Allington Castle.
Most of the officers were in the van and they struggled on determined to reach Ludgate. Loades challenged the traditional view among historians that the Wyatt rebellion was influenced by Protestant concerns over the Catholic policies of Mary Tudor. A fragment of the castle of Allington is still inhabited as a Grade 1 , near , on the bank of the. Elizabeth herself, Mary Stuart, Henry of Navarre, and Philip of Spain, nearly always managed to be in a position to repudiate any personal association with illegalities committed in their name; and yet we can be tolerably certain that they generally knew precisely as much as they wished to know of what was going on. This diversity in opinion stems for an array of contemporary circumstances.
On the other hand, it is difficult to be certain whether there was an economic pattern due to the array of trades shared by the rebels. Many historians, such as , consider the rebellion to have been primarily motivated by political considerations, not easily separated from religious ones in the 16th century, and notably the desire to prevent the unpopular marriage of Queen Mary I to. But the Kentish men stood their ground when the Duke of Norfolk was sent with a force to intercept them. On April 17 his head was stolen and never recovered, just as Sir Thomas More's head many years before. He wrote of him as ' le plus vaillant et asseure de quoye jaye jamais ouy parler, qui a mis ladicte dame et seigneurs de son conseil en telle et sigrande peur, qu'elle s'est veue par l'espace de huict jours en branalede sa couronne' Ambassades de Noailles, iii, 59. Sir Thomas Wyatt and the Rebels reach London On the 3rd February 1554 Sir Thomas Wyatt and his rebel army entered London.
However, when a large number of the army were sent to arrest Wyatt, they changed sides Wyatt now controlled a force of 4,000 men and he now felt strong enough to march on. Nearly 100 were sentenced to the terrible traitor's death of being hung, drawn and quartered. This is supported by the fact that many of those who took part came from the Cranbrook area of Weald, an area that had suffered particularly from this crisis. This was most keenly felt in the years 1547-58 when the state religion of the country changed three times. The manoeuvre gave an unexpected advantage.
In addition, her persuasive and defiant speech to London helped lead to the defeat of Wyatt. According to Wyatt he never planned on protesting against the Queen's marriage until he was approached by , who wished to prevent the Queen's plan. Among the conspirators were the three brothers of and Sir Edmund Warner , brother-in-law of and s step father. De Noailles, the French Ambassador, wrote that he was ' estime par depa homme vaillant et de bonne conduicte'; and M. Thomas Wyatt viewed this decision as an injustice to the nation. At Turham Green the naval gun carriages broke down and the guns rolled off into the mud. On 15 Mar he wasarraigned at Westminster of high treason, was condemned and sentenced to death Fourth Rep.