This may not immediately seem like good news for overall tax revenue or for marijuana companies looking to maximize profits. If such effects are small, then other effects of legalization are also likely to be small. Nations around the world spend billions yearly on law enforcement and other efforts aimed at drug interdiction. Our estimates cannot rule out small changes, and related literature finds some effects from earlier marijuana policy changes such as medicalization. Beyond those eight priorities, the federal government would leave marijuana law enforcement to local authorities. In 1990, however, a voter initiative recriminalized possession and use of marijuana.
They also challenged the long-term effectiveness of the War on Drugs, pointing out that it has had little success in reducing, much less eradicating, pot usage. Throughout history, marijuana has been used illegally, for both recreational and medical uses. Marijuana is the most widely used and criminalized drug in the United States. Another economic effect from drug abuse is the lost human productivity, such as lost wages and decreased production that results from illnesses and premature deaths related to drug abuse. Now these challengers are adding nuance. Gains in Productivity Considering that marijuana is a factor in half of drug arrests made nationwide, the impact of legalization is inherent. When an abuser stops taking the drug, the body experiences withdrawal symptoms, such as feeling weak or sick.
Department of Justice, August 29, 2013,. But because the demand for drugs still exists, Colombia has merely pushed drug trafficking to its neighbors, often to weaker governments who may have ties to terrorism. Nonetheless, prohibition does decrease drug use. Conclusion This paper is not intended to convince you the benefits of legalizing marijuana on a moral or ethical scale. With marijuana, opioid users tend to reduce or quit the addictive and dangerous habit, which.
The market is broken and requires comprehensive and coordinated reform. At the same time, legalization may reduce the burden on law enforcement to patrol for drug offenses, thereby freeing budgets and manpower to address larger crimes. For example, real estate properties may be purchased for money laundering purposes, providing a high return on investment or income, or used to facilitate the trade, providing sites for drug production or sales. Statistics indicate that workplace accidents and absenteeism is higher among employees who smoke marijuana. Federal programs include public education, health education, treatment programs, etc.
Young people will be included in the projected increase of people using the drug. In what ways has the impact been negative? Physiological Effects Physiological effects of drug abuse vary by the type of drug. According to a rough estimate, of every four people, one is convicted due to the sole reason of involvement with drugs and other illegal narcotics. The enemy is not terrorism. Undoubtedly, there has been significant social, economic, and health related impact since legalization in some states. Legalization of marijuana will have a significant impact on the local industries and market.
According to New Frontier, legalizing cannabis tomorrow would create 782,000 jobs virtually overnight. The state prohibited any legal actions from being taken on patients and recognized caregivers… 2370 Words 10 Pages October 28, 2013 Marijuana Legalization The legalization of marijuana has been a heated topic of debate for many years. See Rosalie Pacula et al. In November 1998 state voters approved Initiative 692, known as the Washington State Medical Use of Marijuana Act, with 59 percent in favor. Legalized marijuana also stands to benefit medical consumers of cannabis-based products.
Former New Mexico governor and current Libertarian Party presidential candidate Gary Johnson has also advocated marijuana legalization, predicting that the measure will lead to less overall substance abuse because individuals addicted to alcohol or other substances will find marijuana a safer alternative. Kelly and Rasul evaluate the depenalization of marijuana in a London borough and find large increases in hospital admissions related to hard drug use, particularly among younger men. They can last several years in complex cases. Similarly, this time series shows no clear signs of significant swings after marijuana policy changes, suggesting that any substitution effect associated with marijuana has been small compared to overall drunk driving. We can also test for possible spillover effects from neighboring Washington. The people of California will vote on whether to legalize the recreational use of cannabis for adults.
In a series of reports written by Jeffrey Miron, the estimated savings are evidence for legalization. All of these analysts feel there are a lot of hurdles to jump before something like this can become a reality. Companies that continue to discriminate against marijuana consumers are going to have problems with staffing, whereas companies that grow with the times are going to have a lot more options. The markets for illegal drugs are opaque, and different approaches to estimating either the size of this market or the effect of legalization can therefore vary substantially. While marijuana remains illegal on the federal level, it is difficult for investors to capitalize on the growth of the industry. It authorized patients and their primary caregivers to possess up to two ounces of marijuana and up to six marijuana plants. A final section summarizes and discusses implications for upcoming legalization debates.