This much is all I ask of my accusers: when my sons grow up, avenge yourselves by causing them the same kind of grief that I caused you, if you think they care for money or anything else more than they care for virtue, or if they think they are somebody when they are nobody. It would indicate that his teachings might constitute a threat to the conventional standards and customs of the day. There is a bit of irony in Socrates' reference to the manner of his speech. These activities earned him much admiration amongst the youth of Athens, but much hatred and anger from the people he embarrassed. The first one is referred to as the older or more ancient accusation, and the second one is the contemporary charge being made by Meletus, Anytus, and others who are present at the trial. His conversation with Meletus, however, is a poor example of this method, as it seems more directed toward embarrassing Meletus than toward arriving at the truth. Therefore, he is not my favourite old Greek man to read, but this is his best.
Some of them were of a humorous nature and were never intended to be taken seriously but were regarded as nothing more than a joke about some of his peculiarities. Socrates later clarifies that point of philosophy when he says that whatever wisdom he possesses comes from knowing that he knows nothing 23b, 29b. When this was reported to Socrates, he was amazed, for he had never considered himself to be a wise person. He affirms that he will speak in the manner he is heard using in the and at the money tables. When the jury rejects his suggestion and sentences him to death, Socrates stoically accepts the verdict with the observation that no one but the gods know what happens after death and so it would be foolish to fear what one does not know. He explains that he has no experience with the law courts and that he will instead speak in the manner to which he is accustomed: with honesty and directness.
It is necessarily his interpretation of the event as it is viewed from the perspective of the time and place of the writing, which does not mean that the historical account is unreliable but only that it partakes of certain limitations that cannot be entirely avoided. As long as they fear death, they will not be able to live with courage. He had never been interested in the physical sciences, although he was familiar with the theories of Anaxagoras. Therefore, to disobey this command in order to save his own life would be a disgraceful thing to do. Ve son bölümde Sokrates'in verilen ölüm cezasına karşı tepkisini görüyoruz.
In the case of Socrates, martyrdom was an exaltation, something more than an untimely death of one who had been treated unjustly. May be there are some people somewhere who are wiser than him but they are not around him. The question has been raised as to whether it is proper for him to continue in a manner of living that could cause him to experience an untimely death. There is little, or no, indications that the gods, that is to say the many gods individuals, very individual, that worships the city are anything to Socrates. Another thing that caught my attention is Socrates found the universal nature of human beings.
Having dispensed with some of the false and idle rumors that had been in circulation concerning him and having exposed some of the false pretenses on the part of his accusers, Socrates proceeds to make his reply to the main charge that has led to his indictment. Because the Athenians did not have an authoritative book comparable to the Bible for Christians and Jews or the Koran for the followers of Mohammed, it was customary to consult the local divinities concerning matters of importance that could not be settled by ordinary means. History is never a complete and exact account of what has taken place. He claims that his childhood friend, Chaerophon, went to an oracle and asked if there was anybody wiser than Socrates and the oracle said that there wasn't. Such a pity that we still haven't changed, not in all of these thousands of years.
In their farm in remote island of Naxos, a farm hand killed one of the slaves of the house during a fight after drinking. But first a word of warning. The manner and rhetorical skill with which the case is presented should not be considered. Now back to our honest and conscientious jurors, whether many or few, listeners or readers so today. Because it was Socrates he wished to praise, he had no choice but to make the Socrates of the Apology close to the original. Indeed, Socrates insists that although his detractors have warned the jury about his cunning rhetorical trickery, he is not an accomplished orator.
His accusers have warned the judges to be on their guard lest they be deceived by the eloquence of Socrates in his attempt to convince them of his innocence. Of course their are striking contrasts as well, but I expected those. Whether the story is to be regarded as literally true may be doubtful, but the purpose for which the story is used is clear enough. On Trial for Your Life Imagine you are a philosopher, and you are on trial in a legal system you find to be unjust. Again, it was his desire to do nothing that would hinder the cause of justice that led him to dismiss the members of his own family, so that their presence would not cause the judges to be moved by feelings of sympathy and pity in place of reasoned judgment. Summary and analysis of Plato's The Apology. Of greater importance is the fact that the two Apologys agree in many details.
But it does not expressly state that he believes the sun and moon are gods. Summary The Apology is believed to be the most authentic account that has been preserved of Socrates' defense of himself as it was presented before the Athenian Council. Socrates believed that one could be wise through recognizing that he was not wise. In order to obtain answers to religious questions, intellectual Athenians would consult the popular poets, with their many stories having to do with the activities of the gods recognized by the state. No wonder you want me dead. Insofar as they have been influenced either by his teachings or his example, it has always been for the good.
And the best way to show your concern for virtue is to spend every day of your life to the philosophical discussion about the virtue. This is not the case at all. In the speech to the court, on the other hand, it did happen once to name a deity when he mentions the fact that the mother of Achilles, Thetis was a goddess theos, 28c. Most of them are not present, and thus he is unable to give them the opportunity to reply to what he has to say. The Apology of Socrates, as the title suggests, is to first Protasis an apology, but it is also an accusation of the Athenians, for having such a man dragged to court. He explains that he has no experience with the law courts and that he will instead speak in the manner to which he is accustomed: with honesty and directness. I spend day in and day out questioning people, showing them their errors, and helping them get over that.