Neither the number of years during which he lived nor the point in time at which he ruled can be fixed exactly; 2334 bc is now given as a date on which to hang the beginning of the dynasty of Agade, and, according to the Sumerian , he was king for 56 years. The latter seems to have fought a sea battle against 32 kings who had gathered against him and took control over their pre- country, consisting of modern-day and. A survey seems also to have been instituted, and one of the documents relating to it states that a certain Uru-Malik, whose name appears to indicate his Canaanite origin, was governor of the land of the Amorites, or Amurru as the semi-nomadic people of Syria and Canaan were called in Akkadian. Probably the longest lasting and most significant change Sargon and his descendants introduced was the use of Akkadian as the official language of government and The clay tablets the scribes wrote upon became more refined and attractive in appearance than previously, and even though the Sumerian language continued to be used, especially for religious hymns and ceremonies, and scribes continued to study it, few people spoke it anymore. From the Persian Gulf, he made a northwestward sweep to Lebanon.
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 46 1. After his death, his son Shar--Sharri became ruler and, at this time, the empire began to unravel as city-states broke away to form their own independent kingdoms. Context: This statue is not in its original state. My changeling mother conceived me, in secret she bore me. Sargon of Akkad grew up much like the well known Moses. The Legend of Sargon reads: My mother was a changeling, my father I knew not, The brother of my father loved the hills, My home was in the highlands, where the herbs grow.
Excavation at suggests that this site was abandoned soon after the city's massive walls were constructed, its temple rebuilt and its grain production reorganised. Historical records are still so meagre, however, that there is a complete gap in information relating to this period. Unable to keep the child, she was forced to set her son adrift in a basket on the Euphrates River, where he was later found by a man named Akki, a gardener for Ur-Zababa, the King of the Sumerian city of Kish. According to a folktale, Sargon was a self-made man of humble origins; a gardener, having found him as a baby floating in a basket on the river, brought him up in his own calling. Such attempts led to increased political instability; meanwhile, severe depression occurred to re-establish with the less favourable climatic conditions.
He established the region's first semitic dynasty and was considered the founder of the Mesopotamian military tradition. Even with these improvements to the lives of the citizens of Mesopotamia, the people still rebelled against Akkadian rule. The King of Uruk, Lugalzagesi, had already accomplished this, though on a much smaller scale, under his own rule. In the Gutian hordes, first reigned a nameless king; then Imta reigned 3 years as king; Shulme reigned 6 years; Elulumesh reigned 6 years; Inimbakesh reigned 5 years; Igeshuash reigned 6 years; Iarlagab reigned 15 years; Ibate reigned 3 years;. During the Akkadian period, the Akkadian language became the of the Middle East, and was officially used for administration, although the Sumerian language remained as a spoken and literary language. The middle chronology, however, is under attack, with various scholars arguing strongly in favor of a low er chronology and for various reasons.
The Old Akkadian Dynasty ruled for about a century after his death, until the Gutian conquest of Sumer. The Persian Empire remained unaffected by Christianity. Bauer writes: With the Mesopotamian plain under his control, Sargon set out to build an empire that stretched beyond Mesopotamia. Furthermore, Brak remained occupied and functional after the fall of the Akkadians. The Middle East: the cradle of civilization revealed. Some of the earliest historiographic texts suggest he rebuilt the city of Babylon Bab-ilu in its new location near Akkad.
It was very interesting to read because Sargon lead the first empire for many years. This was a complete break with precedent in that, previously, the king of an existing city conquered another for the glory of the home city and the resources which would now be available. In order to maintain his presence throughout his empire, Sargon strategically placed his best and most trusted men in positions of power in the various cities. Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture. The Mutasafirat mainly served the function of a land-bridge between the important Egyptian cities of Qahira Cairo and Iskenderia Alexandria and the the Ottoman capital of Istanbul and the central Ottoman infrastructure near the Aegean.
He was able to maintain his empire by placing his best and most trusted men in positions of power in various cities. Contract tablets have been found dated in the years of the campaigns against and against , king of. This is a big question! It tells the fascinating story of one man's attempt to wrest an answer from the gods by force; and that man is Naram-Sin. Uruk was smitten with weapons and its kingship carried off by the Gutian hordes. He ruled the city of Uruk and some 50 others, but they were mostly just in southern Mesopotamia.
Lugalzagesi marched his army from Kish to meet Sargon in and was defeated. Although the city of Akkad has not yet been identified on the ground, it is known from various textual sources. This climate-induced collapse seems to have affected the whole of the Middle East, and to have coincided with the collapse of the Egyptian Old Kingdom. Sargon then put him in chains, tied a rope around his neck, and took him to the city of , sacred to the god upon whom Lugalzagesi had relied, and forced him to march in humiliation through the Enlil's gate. Recent studies, however, claim that it was most likely climate change which caused a famine and, perhaps, disruption in trade, weakening the empire to the point where the type of invasions and rebellions which, in the past, were crushed, could no longer be dealt with so easily. The Akkadian Empire created the first postal system where clay tablets inscribed in cuneiform Akkadian were wrapped in outer clay envelopes marked with the name and address of the recipient and the seal of the sender. After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two major Akkadian-speaking nations: in the north, and, a few centuries later, in the south.