Literature review is not a research method. It may be an issue of semantics, but analyzing the content of scientific publications on a topic can be considered as a method, depending on the research question you want to answer, and distinctly from the literature review that merely establishes a theoretical basis for your work. Helpful and Practical Tips to Follow When Writing Your Literature Review Are you having a hard time picking up your pen and start writing your literature review? Finally, gathering literature does not end it takes place throughout research process!!! It is used to learn what has been done in the field in which a researcher wants to contribute. If it also runs counter to your hypothesis, you may want to critique it in your review. The unit of analysis can focus on a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework. You need to have a sufficiently focused research question to conduct a narrative literature review.
However, a researcher can extensively analyze some important documents, scholarly articles, journal and book publications to complement the findings generated from the use of data collecting instruments like interview, observation or questionnaire. Literature review is a research tool applied in qualitative and quantitative approaches. In making your selection, keep your research question in mind. In general, a literature review is necessary to identify a research gap. Doing a systematic literature analysis needs rigorous and consistent documentation of your research process. Your research goals are largely related to filling those gaps if your contribution will be theoretical. A sample can be your outline in writing your own literature review.
They introduce a research question, explain why it is interesting, review previous research, describe their method and results, and draw their conclusions. Each reviewer reads the manuscript, writes a critical but constructive review, and sends the review back to the editor along with his or her recommendations. Although its boundaries are somewhat fuzzy, the research literature definitely does not include self-help and other pop psychology books, dictionary and encyclopedia entries, websites, and similar sources that are intended mainly for the general public. The objective of this discussion is to show the utility of the review of literature. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. I agree with several of my colleagues. Reviewing the research literature means finding, reading, and summarizing the published research relevant to your question.
The editor then decides whether to accept the article for publication, ask the authors to make changes and resubmit it for further consideration, or reject it outright. This will serve as a background study for the concepts and will show if you have enough proofs and evidence of your point of view in the concept. This is a difficult question because it depends on how extensively your topic has been studied and also on your own goals. The end of the review: The purpose of your review of the literature was to set the stage for your own research. The Marketing Review, 1, 2, pp.
A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. Choose those studies which are most relevant and most important. The premise of literature review is on the understanding that knowledge is an incremental exercise. Selecting the studies to include in the review: You do not need to report on every published study in the area of your research topic. This gives a rough idea of what professional researchers consider to be adequate. I conduct expert interviews as my research method. A general Internet search might also lead you to websites that are not part of the research literature but might provide references to works that are.
I may therefore admit that such a review of literature, analysis of content, documentary review, or library research, etc. As a general rule, it is good to use methods that others have already used successfully unless you have good reasons not to. Empirical research reports describe one or more new empirical studies conducted by the authors. This provides clarity and focus and an higher level of academic discipline rather than just reading around a lot of literature, which often produces a somewhat intellectual scatter-gun effect and direction-less work. They are usually published monthly or quarterly in individual issues, each of which contains several articles.
Some journals are published in hard copy only, others in both hard copy and electronic form, and still others in electronic form only. Literature review is not qualitative research. If you have a general area of interest, you can think about various issues in that general subject area. Here is what we teach our students and scholars. The example of a literature review in a research paper will allow you to move ahead with confidence and knowledge in knowing your work is moving in the right direction. You must also evaluate and comment on each study's worth and validity.
It will also give readers the necessary background to understand your research. Many contributors have mentioned literature review as part of the process of expounding theory and developing hypothesis. She may choose to put these in different chapters to help the reader. Many people simple create a list of one-paragraph summaries in chronological order. The second and most important of the researcher is to determine the research gap, i. It helps you to show the possible studies done so far in the field you are interested in and highlight the existing gaps in that area.
But review of literature is neither a qualitative nor a quatitative method of study. First, if you have one good article or book chapter on your topic—a recent review article is best—you can look through the reference list of that article for other relevant articles, books, and book chapters. In meta-analysis patterns and relationships are detected and conclusions are drawn. Literature review is a prerequisite regardless whether you are embarking on a quantitative or qualitative research. Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. June 2011, also communicated online at. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems.
There I also laid emphasis on survey of literature. Instead, you want to focus on sources that help you do four basic things: a refine your research question, b identify appropriate research methods, c place your research in the context of previous research, and d write an effective research report. First, that this is not the case in research taking more of an inductive approach. Organizing the review: After you have decided which studies to review, you must decide how to order them. Wikipedia contains much valuable information, but the fact that its authors are anonymous and may not have any formal training or expertise in that subject area, and its content continually changes makes it unsuitable as a basis of sound scientific research. Literature review is not a qualitative research method.