The subsequent Panic of 1873 ravaged the nation; banks closed, the stock market temporarily collapsed, and an economic depression affected Americans for approximately five years. They fully expected that workers would accept the cut. Six hundred freight trains now jammed the yards at Martinsburg. Among them were 1000 mill hands from Birmingham, on the south side. Railroads and the Making of Modern America. The strike spread to Pittsburgh and the Pennsylvania Railroad. The Impact Multiple cities from the Midwest and Northeast were dealing with strikes by July's end, too.
From Maryland to Missouri, railroad workers protested what they felt was a stranglehold by corporate interests. That year the country was in the fourth year of a prolonged economic depression after the panic of 1873. Railroads and the Granger Laws. When the great railroad strikes of 1877 were over, a hundred people were dead, a thousand people had gone to jail, 100,000 workers had gone on strike, and the strikes had roused into action countless unemployed in the cities. Determined to stop this, striker William P. Streets lined with retail stores, schools, churches, saloons, and homes were impacted by the filth and noise and sometimes danger that came with frequent train traffic.
Gronlund, Laurence 1846-1899 : Under the name of Peter Lofgreen, Danish-born Gronlund who worked at various times as a teacher, a clerk, and a journalist was a leader of the St. The strike started in Baltimore and spread across the entire nation. Eventually, force was enacted when fresh troops of Brooklyn's 23rd Regiment broke up the walkout and the strike ended on July 26th. Boston: Beacon Press, 1955 originally published 1944. Railway Strike of 1877 The Railway Strike of 1877 is sometimes referred to as the 'Great Railroad Strike of 1877,' which indicates its size and significance. Yet in places like Allegheny, N.
Electoral Commission awards the presidency to Rutherford B. Some of the widest differences in views came from city and town press accounts. The strikers surrendered; the wage cuts remained; 131 strike leaders were fired by the Burlington Railroad. He also refused to stand with workers outside the union in a unified effort to bring about change. In a nation struggling to recover from a financial panic, with high unemployment and growing immigrant populations, tension was high. But wages were not the only working conditions at issue on railroads.
Appomattox to Montmartre: Americans and the Paris Commune. In some newspapers they were even pegged as shadow communists, a ridiculous claim which held no merit. At Camden Station, near Baltimore, a crowd numbering 2,000 engaged in pitched battle with three companies of the Sixth Regiment of the Maryland National Guard. This set the stage for the day's later events, which eclipsed Baltimore's bloodshed. This document packet was researched and developed by Richard Olson. On July 16, 1877, workers at the station at , , responded to the announcement of 10 percent wage cuts by uncoupling the locomotives in the station, confining them in the roundhouse, and declaring that no trains would leave Martinsburg unless the cut was. In all of this, some gains were made but—in the opinion of Friedrich Sorge, the old warhorse of the First International with extensive labor contacts—two severe limitations turned potential victories into defeat.
The election of 1876 will remain the most controversial in American history for the next 124 years, until overshadowed by the race between George W. News of attempts to control boisterous crowds fueled worker protest and sporadic violence. Again, it happened outside the regular union, pent-up anger exploding without plan. In fact, the utter defeat of the workers through the use of U. In this lesson, we will look at the events surrounding the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Troops had just been withdrawn from as part of the dismantling of Reconstruction, which involved an understanding that the reestablishment of white power regimes in that region at the expense of African American rights would harmonize with a continuation of industrial development policies that had been advanced by the Republican Party through the 1860s and early 1870s.
And unions were full of spies, spreading word of work stoppages to company officials, who would in turn fire potential strike committee members. Confused and angry, the trainmen milled around the yard throughout the day. One of the important events during his presidency was the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Fifteen men were killed in the endeavor. Class conflict on the railroads - especially the major strikes of 1874, 1877, 1885-1886, 1894, 1909, and 1922 - involved large numbers of workers, produced social disruption, and commanded national attention.
The fire destroyed 39 buildings of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 104 engines, 46 passenger cars, and over 1,200 freight cars. It became the first massive strike of American workers, and was viewed at the time as rebellion and insurrection. The rioters and townsfolk attempted to burn down the structure but were unsuccessful. Pennsylvania A day before the Baltimore incident, a rail yard strike in Pittsburgh had ignited. The panic of 1873 caused railroad lines to cut wages which caused workers to walk off the job and block the tracks- it eventually turned violent.