American Psychological Association, 1 994, p. For additional infor mation on quotations and paraphrasing, see sections 6. The general principle to be followed, however, is to provide the reader with enough information to assess the magnitude of the observed effect. The sixth edition of the Publication Manual is devoted in large part to interpreting these advances and incorporating them into the style lexicon. Experimental manipulations o r interventions. Consult law librar ians to verify that your legal references a contain the information necessary for retrieval and b reflect the current status of the legal authority cited to avoid the pos sibility of relying on a case that has been overturned on appeal or on legislation that has been significantly amended or repealed. This policy regarding duplicate publication does not necessarily exclude from cqn sideration manuscripts previously published in abstracted form e.
In addition to protecting the confidentiality of research partici pants, special proprietary or other concerns of the investigator or sponsor of the research sometimes must be addressed as well. Reference List Citation: Newton, W. When master's-level students make the primary contributions to a study, they should be listed as the first author. If an author is not affiliated with an institution, provide the city and state provide city and country for authors whose affil iations are outside of the United States, and include province for authors in Canada or Australia. They are primary or original publica tions.
A study of computer dependency. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. State whether the achieved sample differed in known ways from the target population. Letter from private collection Zach a r i u s , G. Include no more than two affiliations per author. Describe the settings and locations in which the data were collected as well as any agreements and payments made to participants, agreements with the institutional review board, ethical standards met, and safety monitoring procedures. Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems pp.
Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N ew Jersey Three authors, one affil iation J ua n ita Fuentes, Pa u l Dykes, and Susan Watanabe U niversity of Colorado at Boulder Two a uthors, two affil iations David Wolf U niversity of Cal ifornia, Berkeley Amanda Blue B ra ndon U niversity Three a uthors, two affil iations Mariah Meade and Sylvia Earleywine Georgetown U n iversity Jeffrey Coffee Dartmouth College tional affiliation has changed since the work was completed, give the current affilia tion in the author note see Table 2. Authors are expected to comply promptly and in a spirit of cooperation with requests for data sharing from other researchers. Specify the research design in the Method section. Because confidence intervals combine information on location and precision and can often be directly used to infer significance levels, they are, in general, the best reporting strategy. When the discus sion is relatively brief and straightforward, some authors prefer to combine it with the Results section, creating a section called Results and Discussion. To provide readers with guidance on how these and other developments have affected scholarly publishing, we have reordered and condensed the manual signifi cantly.
Specific Changes in the Sixth Edition General Approach We considered two broad issues in planning this revision. Effects of normal aging and Alzheimers disease on emotional memory. The Psychologist's Companion also provides information on writing book proposals, grant proposals, and lectures. Abstract as original source Woolf, N. Emotional inte l ligence and self-esteem medi ate betwee n perceived early pa renta l love and adult happiness. Such an agreement must specify the limits on how the shared data may be used e.
State why the problem deserves new research. The following are other formatting aids that are designed to help the reader locate specific information quickly: l1li! Do not let the goal of brevity lead you to write a statement intelligible only to the specialist. More important, authors should not submit manuscripts that have been published elsewhere in substantially similar form or with substantially similar content. We provide new examples for a variety of dis plays, including electrophysiological, imaging, and other biological data. Updates appear on the website as they become available. The numbers after each index entry refer to the numbered reference examples.
It is both conventional and expedient to divide the Method sec tion into labeled subsections. Egocentric spatia l representation in action and perception. Title of chapter or entry. Along with the description of subjects, give the intended size of the sample and number of individuals meant to be in each condition, if separate conditions were used. Carefully describe the content of the intervention or specific experimental manipula tions.
McNally, 200S, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 34, p. Electronic-only book O ' Keefe, E. Managing asthma: A guide for schools N I H Publ ication No. Headings establish your organization of the data and identify the columns of data beneath them. Mention all relevant results, including those that run counter to expectation; be sure to include small effect sizes or statistically nonsignifi cant findings when theory predicts large or statistically significant ones.
Socioemotional selectivity theory and the regulation of emotion in the second half of life. Often decked heads can be used to avoid repetition of words in column heads see Table 5. The 4th Edition incorporates all essential changes reflected in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 2009. The editor can then make an informed judgment as to whether the submitted manuscript includes sufficient new information to warrant consideration. Do not exceed the abstract word limit of the journal to which you are submitting your article.
In Chapter 8, we provide an overview of the journal publishing process. Separate major elements with periods. If the study extends or replicates previous research, note this in the abstract and cite the author's last name and the year of the relevant report. Popu l ation density, 2000 U. It removes the distraction of puzzling over the correct punctuation for a reference or the proper form for numbers in text.