Formally, he was Henrique, duque de Viseu, senhor da Covilhã. An expedition led in 1437 by Henry to Tangier, however, ended in failure when the Portuguese were defeated by the and Henry's brother Fernando was made a prisoner. The crusade for Ceuta In the summer of 1415, when Henry was twenty-one years old, his mother died, and on her deathbed, she gave each of her three sons a piece of what was believed to be the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. An emergency arose in 1418, when the Muslim rulers of Fez in and the kingdom of in joined in an attempt to retake the city. Cadamosto eventually explored Gambia River, sailed upriver and also reached the Islands of Cape Verde. In 1441 a returned from the West African coast with some gold dust and , thus silencing the growing that Henry was wasting money on a profitless enterprise. African Voyages The repeated probes made down the West African coast at Henry's behest constitute the most significant achievement of his career.
Though the Portuguese were victorious in the battle, the tide of events was against them, and Morocco remained in the hands of the Muslims. A cruzado was equal to 400 reis at the time. In 1454, the pope officially recognized the possessions gained by Henry's voyagers, and since all of looked to the pope's spiritual leadership, this was an important victory. King John consented and, with Ceuta in mind, began military preparations, meanwhile spreading rumours of another destination, in order to lull the Moroccan city into a feeling of false security. Born at Oporto on March 4, 1394, Henry was the third son of John I of Portugal and Philippa of Lancaster. Further Reading on Henry the Navigator There are several biographies of Prince Henry, of which one of the best is C. Educated in Christian principles Henry grew up with an education typical of a young prince, but because he had older brothers, he was not expected to rule.
Third son of King John I and Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of of England, Prince Henry Infante Dom Henrique was duke of Viseu, governor of the city of Ceuta captured in 1415 by the Portuguese from the Moroccans in an expedition in which Henry played a key role , the governor of the Algarve, Portugal's southernmost province, where Henry established his own court at Sagres in 1419. The Prester's domains had been variously located in present-day India and in East Africa Ethiopia. His mother, Philippa, was the daughter of the English duke John of Gaunt. Portuguese mariners who sailed south and southwest towards the and West Africa would afterwards sail far to the northwest — that is, away from continental Portugal, and seemingly in the wrong direction—before turning northeast near the islands and finally east to Europe in order to have largely following winds for their full journey. New islands meant new ports from which to launch new voyages, and the Portuguese explorers under Henry were the first to perfect the Volta do Mar, a navigational technique that relied on a precise understanding of east Atlantic trade winds and currents. Henry supported and defined the missions of his captains and patronized map makers and others who could make practical contributions to the progress of discovery.
In August 1415, Henry helped lead the campaign for Ceuta, which turned out to be successful. To which Prince Henry are you referring? Up to this point the prince paid all the costs of the trips, but he decided to form societies for the purpose to pay for them. The Portuguese and Henry especially hated the Moslems who had caused a lot of problems for Portugal in the past. Henry's Other Accomplishments Apart from sailing and exploration, Henry set other important precedents for the era. He also supported expeditions along the northwest of Africa. This won him considerable honors, and put him a long way toward his life's mission, which was to learn more about the African continent and outlying islands.
The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415—1825. The empresa or divisa placed below is Henry's motto. In the early fifteenth century, Portugal and the were the scene of frequent attacks by pirates based in North African ports. The fleet returned from this voyage bringing with them a giraffe, which they presented to the emperor's court. Duarte Leite, História dos descobrimentos, edited by Vitorino Magalhães Godinho 1960.
Very little was known of what lies south of the Mediterranean. His father's rule caused civil unrest in Portugal, which left some members of the royal family in poverty, forcing them to look for ways to recover the country's economy. Modern historians debate the degree to which Henry the Navigator was motivated by attempts to combat Muslims and convert heathens to Christianity, but virtually all concede that Henry had monetary aspirations. European sailors were afraid of the cape, for supposedly to its south lay monsters and insurmountable evils. With a coarse African red pepper malagueta the Portuguese made their first incursion into the Italian monopoly of the spice trade. Lesson Summary Prince Henry of Portugal, called Henry the Navigator by historians, sponsored the first major period of maritime exploration in European history. The caravel, a less top heavy and maneuverable ship, was designed as a result of this school.
He commissioned one Antao Gonçalves who went on voyages to further the slave trade. Henry the Navigator Henry the Navigator — was a prince from , the third son of King John I of Portugal. The small caravels sailed down the coast of Mauretania and returned with slaves, thus beginning the era of European slave trading. From 1444 to 1446, as many as forty vessels sailed from on Henry's behalf, and the first private mercantile expeditions began. He was baptized in , and may have been born there, probably when the royal couple was living in the city's old , now called Prince's House , or in the region nearby. They were scared of sea monsters and boiling water near the equator. In 1441 a ship returned from the West African coast with some gold dust and.
Related Entries: Part 1: Africans in America:. The Portuguese obtained an ever-increasing flow of gold through trade with inhabitants of the coastal regions and in 1457 resumed minting gold coins. His mother was a devout Christian, and therefore he was taught on the one hand extensively from the Bible, in particular Christian principles of morality, or right and wrong. In 1434 Gil Eannes rounded Cape Bojador, up to that time the southernmost limit of European exploration. See Also: Aviz, House of; Camoes, Luis Vaz de; exploration Henry the Navigator, 1394—1460, prince of Portugal, patron of exploration.