You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. Too long has our beloved Southland been bogged down in a tragic effort to live in monologue rather than dialogue. I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes. We bring it out in the open, where it can be seen and dealt with. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms.
Sitting in jail, probably shaking his head in frustrated disbelief at the clergymen's letter, he doesn't ever fly off into vitriolic or hateful language, and he never rants. For instance, after laying down the gauntlet, Dr. You made a really good point Kaitlin when you said that Thoreau wants the people to help mend the government. When rights are consistently denied, a cause should be pressed in the courts and in negotiations among local leaders, and not in the streets. Further Reading This lesson plan was adapted from: Angela Petit. Well I think that voluntarily going to jail for a non-violent act that you did out of protest raises the credibility of your cause, because you are willing to accept the consequences and it reflects ho strong your feelings are about the subject.
By giving this kind of example, Dr. Talk about the ethical high ground. Thoreau believes that doing nothing and only talking about abolishing evil is just as bad as encouraging that evil. He was clearly mocking the people he was mad at when he was talking about how unnaffected he acted during his stay in the jail, but he got pretty passionate in other parts when he was arguing for what he believed was right and wrong, and when he was telling people to take a stand. King was deliberately controlling his tone so as to achieve his desired ends of changing hearts and minds. He states that voting is wrong because it leaves the decision up to the majority. I have been so greatly disappointed with the white church and its leadership.
I can assure you that it would have been much shorter if I had been writing from a comfortable desk, but what else can one do when he is alone in a narrow jail cell, other than write long letters, think long thoughts and pray long prayers? Never before have I written so long a letter. Hence segregation is not only politically, economically and sociologically unsound, it is morally wrong and sinful. This calmness allows someone who may somewhat disagree because they feel like they are not being yelled at so they are more likely to read and understand. I think that you are right Alex he is not going out to tell the people to be violent and to provoke violence as a means of protesting , but to stand up for what is wrong and do something about. King did not actually want white allies or that this is only a rhetorical tactic, but his restraint over a topic that clearly moved him is undeniable. We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.
It also appealed to Dr. Far from being disturbed by the presence of the church, the power structure of the average community is consoled by the church's silent--and often even vocal--sanction of things as they are. He is telling his story so that he can let others know what is happening to him so they understand what is going on. The government should always do what is right and good for the country despite what the majority of people think. He doesn't claim to be the foremost authority on Jesus or the greatest political strategist of all time, for instance. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away. Maybe it was all the schoolin'.
However, he does take a more understanding tone when he writes about how he understands why people do not oppose the government. However, we are now confronted by a series of demonstrations by some of our Negro citizens, directed and led in part by outsiders. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse and buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter. Boutwell will be reasonable enough to see the futility of massive resistance to desegregation. Doug Carpenter, son of Bishop C.
I am not unmindful of the fact that each of you has taken some significant stands on this issue. It refutes each element of the argument put forward by the eight white clergymen, one by one. Of course, there is nothing new about this kind of civil disobedience. This is sameness made legal. But again I am thankful to God that some noble souls from the ranks of organized religion have broken loose from the paralyzing chains of conformity and joined us as active partners in the struggle for freedom. George Wallace's harsh segregationist rhetoric, warning it could lead to violence. King's letter, with its criticism of the white clergy opposition, made them look as if they were opposed to the civil rights movement.
He had not established his identity as a moral leader. Earl Stallings, pastor of First Baptist Church of Birmingham from 1961-65, who was one of the eight clergy addressed by King in the letter. He justifies what he is doing and reprimands the leaders for not actively participating in civil rights. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Is not segregation an existential expression of man's tragic separation, his awful estrangement, his terrible sinfulness? However, he did this in such a collected manner that he still seemed cool, which gives the reader all the more reason to listen to what he has to say, and perhaps act how he instructs them to. The day of the lesson, the teacher will call on students to read aloud what they want to persuade their parents to do and what they'd say to persuade them.
We merely bring to the surface the hidden tension that is already alive. Ed Ramage of First Presbyterian Church. King was patient and understanding to the views of the clergymen as he sought common grounds throughout the essay bringing up points they made and politely arguing them and creating an answer for the possible counter argument. I guess I did overlook some of the times where he was a little heated, but I still feel that for the argument that he had he was quite calm. He finishes with by affirming that a truly just government will protect the rights and reflect the thoughts of the individual. He sets a tone of how people should now be moving forward and not staying in the past. Speaker: This essay was written by Henry David Thoreau.
Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability; it comes through the tireless efforts of men willing to be co workers with God, and without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation. Students' answers will also help the teacher identify what elements they will need to go over very thoroughly, as well as what common misconceptions, if any, they will need to clarify. King is unleashing his inner diplomat. After Durick retired, he returned to Alabama to live in a house in Bessemer until his death in 1994. Yes, they have gone to jail with us. Any law that uplifts human personality is just.