This possibility is one of incredible potential benefit for all of us. Primarily, I believe that cloning would intervene with the normal 'cycle' of life. In fact, nearly 98% of efforts in cloning failed. Mature or adult cells do not have the same attributes as the stem cells. Just a small portion of stem cells are usable.
This would be helpful for people suffering from kidney and other disorders, who are forced to wait years for a replacement organ. The tissue is then grown in a lab into a new organ, creating a perfect match for the patient with no need to wait for a matching donor. The technology of cloning humans is already here, as evidenced by Dolly the sheep, but it called forth questions about the role of God in society, the soul and even the quality of life a cloned individual would have. Playing God only backfires in one's face. Con: Lack of Diversity Cloning involves a process of creating identical genes.
Treatments would be based individually, which would mean that the privacy of the patient would still be ultimately protected. She's an exact copy of other farmers in society, ready to harvest food for the rest of the population. The process of obtaining eggs is also costly and it is quite painful for a woman. This means that the technologies for reproductive cloning are not going to be improved quickly. It would violate the widely held convictions concerning human individuality and freedom, and could lead to devaluation of clones in comparison with non-clones.
On the other hand, human cloning could also provide a medical answer to some of our most difficult diseases, birth defects, and genetic disorders that current have no treatments. Parkinson's disease is a condition where neurons, or brain cells, that control your muscles start to die. It can be used to bring about desired changes in the genetic makeup of individuals thereby introducing positive traits in them, as also for the elimination of negative traits. Continuous research into regenerative medicine also has the potential to extend the number of disorders that can be cured. Many people criticize therapeutic cloning calling it interference, playing with nature or acting against the wishes of god. Once harvested from an embryo, stem cells require several months of growth before they can be used.
But with therapeutic cloning, it still uses human cells, so there is no need to worry about the risks of diseases from animals to humans, as well as rejection issues and other common problems related to the practice. There are two types of theoretical human cloning that are commonly discussed. Cloning technology is already here, as evidenced by Dolly the sheep. Â· The possible benefits if therapeutic cloning is successful is phenomenal, replacement organs would become freely available to the sick patients and the patients that are dieing because they are in need of a certain type of organ. There is also no reason why clones would be more controllable than non clones, so raising a clone army would be about as useful as just passing a mandatory reproduction law and conscripting all the children as adults.
It has seen a lot of failure. However, it is also important to stress the potential benefits of human cloning. Pro: Obtaining Desired Traits in Organisms With the use of cloning, organisms can be customized to suit the needs of whatever research purposes being done. However, there are serious ethical concerns about the success rate of cloning, the use of stem cells, which are cells that can become any other type of cell, and the medical implications for all individuals involved. Brenner is also a published sci-fi author. Stem cells come from many sources beyond human embryos However, the reprogramming of adult cells into stem cells is still relatively new technology.
For many people, this is a huge advantage and a great way to use science in a new light. Also, the implications of what happens when the process goes wrong are still not fully understood, which is not good and could lead to problems that we will not be able to handle. While humanity is still a long way from replicating itself, scientists have been able to produce exact copies of highly complex organisms, including large, intelligent mammals such as ourselves. This has been a hot topic for debate over the last several years. Women who receive a shot of Prolia typically have a higher risk of fracture after going through menopause.
The impact that human cloning could have on our societies and future populations have made this topic extremely controversial. Most of them have portrayed a somewhat dystopian future and emphasize the problems of genetic manipulation. The fact that stem cell therapy was made possible because of cloning techniques speaks volumes of the potential of the technology to cure a wide range of diseases. The pros and cons of cloning organisms are as following:. The last successful cloning of a primate was in 1998, but scientists have also cloned about 20 different types of animals including dogs, pigs, frogs, mice, cows and rabbits since the first cloned animal in 1996. Links for artical written on reproductive cloning. Would there be any defense against people collecting cells and cloning random people? However, for others, the answer is no.
This argument also applies to the potential for human cloning. The organization was created to spread awareness on heart defects in children and infants. First, couples who are unable to conceive could still have genetically related offspring. I know that the Catholic Pope is against cloning, but I find that at odds with being fruitful and multiplying. Thus it might reduce the diversity in nature. It requires researchers to use embryos. Each clone bears the same sets of material in the nucleus of every cell.