During that period fifteen different and greatly distinguished citizens, have, in succession, administered the executive branch of the government. It is almost a poetic justice of a kind. The first Republican president of the United States, Lincoln drew less than forty percent of the popular vote, all from northern free states, though he received a clear constitutional majority of the electoral votes. Choose a selection of documents from the following list to present to the class. It is seventy-two years since the first inauguration of a President under our national Constitution.
In Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, Lincoln faces a deeply divided nation in midst of a civil war. He hoped the Southern states could be brought back into the Union and that war could be avoided. The President is removed from office if impeached for, and convicted of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. At the Capitol, the President-Elect stood on the East Portico while Chief Justice Roger Taney administered the Presidential Oath of Office. He invoked the better nature of humans to want to continue friendship and partnership in a nation.
As a result, he had some flexibility in trying to keep the states of the upper South—, , , , , , , and Delaware—in the Union. Remember that Lincoln's address promised not to end slavery in the South because there was no Constitutional authority to do so. Courses are offered only during the summers, and you may earn the degree in as little as three summers of intensive coursework. A combination of luck, manipulation, and talent won Lincoln the Republican nomination for president in 1860. Lincoln then addresses the controversy about the delivering up of slaves after they have escaped. Regardless, the original seceding States continued secession proceedings and other states joined them as well, comprising 13 Confederate States of America. I sharpened all the Fabers pencils he required.
Both Buchanan and Lincoln were busy at an early hour; the President signing bills at the Capitol, for the Senate had sat all night, and the President-elect giving a final touch to his address and receiving Bates, Welles, Cameron, Trumbull, David Davis, and other visitors. My mind had been prepared by the discussion of possible events since the election of the previous November, and startled by the President-elect coming to Washington in disguise…to save him from threatening enemies, so that I was in a frame of mind full of excitement and expectation as I stood listening to those gentle, yet firm and earnest, utterances in that first inaugural, surrounded as I was, so close to the platform on which he stood, by that band of determined Northern and Western men, who known to but a few and unrecognizable to the crowd, were armed to the teeth to protect him and repel the threatened attack upon his person. As the home state of the late John C. Perpetuity is implied, if not expressed, in the fundamental law of all national governments. Lincoln as he stood shaking hands with people was just Mr.
In 1861, he called the difference an unsubstantial controversy that the republic and its people did not need. The shortness of the speech showed he cared about the audience standing in the freezing temperatures on that wintry day. He added that even if the Constitution were to be construed as a simple contract, it could not be legally rescinded without an agreement between all parties, meaning all of the states, North and South. When it is relevant to your course of study, students can be assigned a particular Presidency to research in a small group. Having killed 13 Union soldiers, they may have been shot by other Union soldiers, and additional negative sentiment would have risen against the President for adding them to the army, resulting in his being assassinated sooner than in 1865. My countrymen, one and all, think calmly and well, upon this whole subject.
Students should now be able to match actions President Lincoln took with specific responsibilities of his office. Many of the archival materials listed are photographs or drawings; most others are authentic documents, some written in Lincoln's handwriting. We are not enemies, but friends. Whether it was due to fear or to some other cause, the majority of those in front of the President were evidently disposed to keep at a respectful distance. Shotgun's Home of the American Civil War. Suppose you go to war, you cannot fight always; and when, after much loss on both sides, and no gain on either, you cease fighting, the identical old questions, as to terms of intercourse, are again upon you.
There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension. The stories current about him served to excite an extraordinary interest in his unique personality, in addition to the extraordinary significance of the occasion. If desired, as an alternative, every student or pairs of students , given a chart with headings for the chosen responsibilities, could be asked to indicate Lincoln's matching presidential actions. Doris Kearns Goodwin; 2006; film Lincoln; 2012. Lincoln contemplates the effects of the war by discussing how it started, its duration, and the casualties to put a litany of blame on the South; he accomplishes so by utilizing antithesis, juxtaposition, anaphoric repetition, and chiasmus. At the outer edge of the platform a wide board was set up on its end, and formed the back of the seat from which the occupant could face the President while he was speaking. Lincoln, and its firm enunciation of purpose to fulfill his oath to maintain the Constitution and laws, challenge universal respect.
During his childhood and early youth, the family would move several times, first to Indiana and later to Illinois. Seven of the southern states had already seceded from the Union and were beginning to refer to themselves as the Confederates. I cannot be ignorant of the fact that many worthy and patriotic citizens are desirous of having the national Constitution amended. Although meant to allay the fears of Southerners, the speech did not dissuade them from starting the war, which they initiated the following month. Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address As I read the lines carefully of Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, I wonder how a man who is elected for his second term as president with over 54% of the popular vote, and in turn, compose such an eloquent address can be assassinated little more than a month later. A husband and wife may be divorced, and go out of the presence, and beyond the reach of each other; but the different parts of our country cannot do this.
We are not enemies, but friends. French, with blue scarves, white rosettes, and blue-and-gold batons, got the procession into line. And should any one, in any case, be content that his oath shall go unkept, on a merely unsubstantial controversy as to how it shall be kept? President Lincoln gets right down to talking directly to the Southern or slave states, saying that he only wants to talk about the big issue that he knows everyone cares about. Groups are also responsible for planning the sharing of an assigned inaugural excerpt and some of its related archival materials. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle-field, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearth-stone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.