Without a moderate central government, America would not have its impeccable mixture of power, security, and freedom. This fiat currency, money which has no intrinsic value in and of itself, is a concern of many even today. Washington wisely surrounded himself with a knowledgeable, experienced staff. Thanks alot, it's going to be a huge help while I finish typing up this presentation due soon. John Adams, the second president of the United States, was the first and only Federalist president. One very important point that you and many others omit though, the difference between Democracy and Republican governance is not simply that representatives speak for the people in a Republic. To win over the opposition, the supporters of the Constitution agreed that the enactment of a bill of rights should be among the business of the first Congress.
The meetings of the convention were closed to the public and to the press. They felt that the Constitution did not create a Federal government, but a single national government. In fact during and after its drafting a wide-ranging debate was held between those who supported the Constitution, the Federalists, and those who were against it, the Anti-Federalists. It also sets forth guidelines for legislative procedure, including a requirement that bills of revenue, or taxation, must originate in the House; requirements for the process by which bills pass from Congress to the president; and the procedures in case of presidential , or refusal to sign a bill into law. Perhaps the biggest ally the Federalists had in their fight for the Constitution was George Washington, whose support was critical in helping win its ratification. · Though I believe it is not generally so understood, yet certain it is, that Congress may emit paper money, and even make it a legal tender throughout the United States; and, what is still worse, may, after it shall have depreciated in the hands of the people, call it in by taxes, at any rate of depreciation compared with gold and silver which they may think proper.
Bill of Rights Several of the states were hesitant to ratify the Constitution. In doing so, it asserts that a weak union of the states will make the country more vulnerable to internal and external dissension, including civil war and invasion from foreign powers. Many of the questions raised remain with us today: What is the best form of government? As a result, after the Constitution was enacted, Congress sent a set of twelve amendments to the states. The politics of ratification were instead influenced most by direct, face-to-face contact and negotiation. One very important point that you and many others omit though, the difference between Democracy and Republican governance is not simply that representatives speak for the people in a Republic.
Anti-federalists were in favor of small states as they felt the presence of communities with divergent views would make passing difficult, and small republic would make it easier to arrive at a consensus, to achieve the common good of the people. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. Since 1940 Indians have also been counted. ~Greg 8 months ago kath help me!!!!!!!!! The Federalists felt that this addition wasn't necessary, because they believed that the Constitution as it stood only limited the government not the people. It also gives the president the power to grant pardons or reprieves; make treaties with foreign powers, subject to approval by the Senate; and appoint ambassadors and Supreme Court justices. · Congress may, under the sanction of that clause which empowers them to as distinct from imposts and excises impose so heavy a stamp duty on newspapers and other periodical publications, as shall effectually prevent all necessary information to the people through these useful channels of intelligence. The Federalist Papers communicates the central ideas of the Federalists: the benefits of a Union between the states; the problems with the confederation as it stood at the time; the importance of an energetic, effective federal government; and a defense of the republicanism of the proposed Constitution.
History of the Constitution When the United States declared itself a country separate from Great Britain in 1776, it did not have a written constitution. The Articles of Confederation took years for the 13 states to ratify, with Virginia being the first to do so in 1777 and Maryland being the last in 1781. This provision was designed as a concession to slaveholding states, ensuring that the practice of would not be challenged for at least 20 years. Their views finally prevailed with the inclusion of bills of rights in the constitution. This was a real concern, especially considering the that the British has imposed on the colonies. Anti-federalists wanted the inclusion of bills of rights for the people as they believed the constitution proposed by the federalists would not be able to protect the individual rights of the citizens. Political Thought in America: An Anthology.
Anti-Federalists in Massachusetts, Virginia and New York, three crucial states, made ratification of the Constitution contingent on a Bill of Rights. The Anti-Federalists were not able to muster enough votes in response, though in several states, they nearly defeated the Federalists. Many notable leaders of the time, however, including , who was in France, and , did not attend. History has shown some of this concern to be true — for example, when the governor of Arkansas refused to implement a Supreme Court decision regarding school desegregation, President Dwight Eisenhower sent in federal troops and federalized the Arkansas National Guard to enforce the ruling. The Constitution is also guided by the concept of federalism in the way that it constructs the U. In a republic, representatives elected by the people make the decisions of government.
Many people supported the Constitution, but some disagreed with it. To Form a More Perfect Union: A New Economic Interpretation of the United States Constitution. They complained that the new system threatened liberties, and failed to protect individual rights. In a republic, representatives elected by the people make the decisions of government. This concern was addressed by the. Leaders among the Federalists included two men who helped develop the Constitution, and , and two national heroes whose support would greatly improve the Federalists' prospects for winning, and.
Between September 17, 1787, the day the Constitution was signed by the Constitutional Convention, and May 29, 1790, the day Rhode Island became the thirteenth and last state to ratify the Constitution, the Federalists and Anti-Federalists engaged in a fierce national debate on the merits of the Constitution. Published in New York newspapers and in two bound volumes distributed during the ratification debate, these essays were signed with the pseudonym Publius, taken from Publius Valerius Poplicola, a man who reputedly saved the ancient Roman republic. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. On September 17, 39 of the 42 delegates present signed the Constitution. The view of the anti-federalists were obviously different.