When the war started, Generals were responsible for getting their own intelligence, hence why McClellan hired Pinkerton. Union General Benjamin Butler would also write Elizabeth letters in invisible ink, and then cover it with a mundane letter written in regular ink from a pseudonym to an aunt. Even before her spying career, influential men of all political stripes—from abolitionists, secessionists, Union military officials, diplomats, and Republican and Democratic Senators and Representatives—shared her bed and spilled their secrets. McIntosh, published by the Naval Institute Press. But unlike the internet we use, the Intelink network is available only on a need-to-know basis. As soldiers caught on to the activities of these women spies, it became harder and harder for them to cross enemy lines without getting searched or apprehended. He was sent because there were rumblings of a potential assassination attempt on the soon-to-be President, Abraham Lincoln.
I am a defenseless lady! Before the war, she had received training in botanic and homeopathic medicine and had been engaged in private-duty nursing. As a spy she used all sorts of unique disguises, pretending to be all sorts of different people from an Irish woman to a black man. I must be marching on. Your name required Your email will not be published required Your comment. They told of troop movements, numbers of soldiers, and the conditions of the enemy army.
When the second world war began, Violette met and married a Captain in the French Foreign Legion, Etienne Szabo. Today, women wearing skirts would not deter anyone from searching them, if the need arose. She fled to Kinston and then to Concord with the wounded Confederates before returning home to Crab Point. When they reached the shore, they destroyed a Confederate supply depot and freed more than 750 slaves. Born in Martinsburg, Virginia, now West Virginia , Belle was only seventeen when the war began. Although in her mid-forties, Greenhow used her sensuality to create the largest network of spies that operated during the Civil War. She was operating from a place of extremism.
During the war, women had to manage their farms, defend their homes, and eventually look for work to support their families. Even when they were camping in Washington, D. Isabella Marie Boyd Easily, the most infamous spy of the Civil War or the 19th Century,. Civil War women served their countries in various ways, but whatever way they chose, they often left behind some very interesting stories. She was not awarded any Australian decorations. A Dutch exotic dancer whose real name was the less exotic Margaretha Geertruida Zelle. She cooked some peaches, secretly spiked them with a potent but harmless purgative, and left them to cool while she worked elsewhere.
And those border states in particular were not monolithic in their support of the Union or the Confederacy—the political timbre often depended on which county you were in. Although it was important for spies to keep a low profile while they were still working, once they were detected or released from prison, some spies, such as Belle Boyd and Pauline Cushman, became instant celebrities after the press published articles about them. She was imprisoned in a Union prison for her espionage activities. Reportedly, Mary Jane kept a diary of her time as a spy in the Confederate White House. The Union did not limit themselves in the same way.
Maps and documents were found, and she was placed under house arrest. Greenhow died of an injury, leaving Rose widowed. The impoverished white men who did fight for the South often did so only because the Northerners were on their turf. One of his first spying missions occurred when he was sent by Allan Pinkerton to Baltimore in 1861, to pose as a Southerner. The resulting battle was a defeat for the Confederate forces and resulted in the capture of scores of the Confederates on December 21. The letters would form words, and the words would form sentences.
Spies can bring back all sorts of information concerning the size and strength of an enemy army. Spying did occur elsewhere, but a heavy emphasis was placed on Washington, D. When word got around, an angry mob stormed the hospital, determined to drag the officer out and execute him. It has crossed cultural barriers and operates between the many agencies world wide. Famous Women Spies by John T. I love that she made her dog sort of complicit in all of her spying. Many women spies in the South remained at home, supplying critical information about the daily activities of nearby soldiers and military leaders.
She had contracted malaria during her tour of duty and, thanks to being thrown from horses and mules, suffered injuries to her left hip and foot that contributed to her perpetual poor health. Some of these women were discovered while in service either because they were wounded, captured or died and, as a result, they were physically examined by doctors. She was posthumously awarded the George Cross and the Croix de Guerre in 1946. By nature compassionate and giving, Dix was also a no-nonsense and often quirky leader. Stein A cadre of dedicated Northern women from all walks of life traveled to the charnel houses of the Civil War to care for the sick and wounded. John Singleton Mosby of Mosby's Rangers during the American Civil War. When the 26th North Carolina Regiment left for Virginia in 1862, Pigott tended to wounded in New Bern, North Carolina.
In 2001 she married British Alex Chapman, gaining her dual Russian—British citizenship and a British passport. The women had been left in charge. The Secret War for The Union. A friendship and a caring developed there beyond that mistress relationship. She moved from one camp to another throughout the war, using her nursing skills and extensive knowledge of the healing properties of roots and herbs. Elizabeth Van Lew helped bring food and clothing to Union prisoners and smuggled out information. Click image to see larger view.