Famous story is the Ramayana and The Mahabharata. Don't forget to register for an account in April. The major civilizations to emerge were Zhou and Han China, Greece and Rome, and the Gupta Empire. Jesus was a prophet and teacher whose followers came to believe that he was the son of God. Advocated a moral code based on love, charity, and humility.
Bottom right: A French Jesuit attempts to convert the Iroquois in North America. Mainly Chinese silk and horses from Central Asia. Belief in a Covenant, or agreement, between God and the Jewish people, that God would provide for them as long as they obeyed him. Overland western China to Mediterranean Trade because of development of camel hybrid capable of long dry trips. Most prominent in many early societies was the Sun god. Connected to Indian ocean trade along eastern coast of Africa, connecting Sub-Saharan Africa to trade centers in Cairo and India.
During this time people were nomadic. Art, literature, philosophy, and science derivative from Greece. Rode into battle on chariots. Don't get frustrated like Hitler! Great city of Rome - buildings, arenas, design copied in smaller cities. Superb engineering and architecture techniques; extensive road, sanitation systems; monumental architecture - buildings, aqueducts, bridges.
Athens and Sparta developed strong military organizations and established colonies around Mediterranean. The major River Valleys are described below. Encourages introspection, development of inner contentment, and no ambition to change the Dao. It is generally seen as a philosophy instead of a religion. Created trading class with mixture of cultures, ties to homeland broken.
. One of the first examples of written law in the ancient civilizations. Each had a responsibility for one area of life, like war, sea, death, rain, wind, moon, stars, and fertility. The Indo-European language of Sanskrit, by the Aryans, are the basis of many languages today. Became much larger in land space and population than river valley civilizations. Two are Vishnu the creator and Shiva the destroyer.
He conquered Egypt, the Middle East, and the large empire of Persia that spread eastward to the Indus River Valley. By water Canton in China to Southeast Asia to India to eastern Africa and the Middle East; monsoon-controlled. This was one of the causes towards the reformation as fathers who died would have their young son who was still a child become the next priest. So: France, Spain, Sweden and Denmark all tried to snatch parts of Germany! Ten Commandments set down rules for relationships among human beings and human relationships to God. This angered Ferdinand, who declared war on the nobles. Paterfamilias - male dominated family structure.
Family basic unit of society, loyalty and obedience stressed. Patriarchal 37 4888177927 caste system a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society, there was virtually no social mobility 38 4888177928 Paleolithic Old Stone Age a long period of human development before the development of agriculture 39 4888177930 North America 40 4888177931 Caribbean 41 4888177932 Latin America 42 4888177933 Central Africa 43 4888177934 East Africa 44 4888177935 East Asia 45 4888177936 Eastern Europe 46 4888177937 Middle East Southwest Asia 47 4888177938 South Africa 48 4888177939 South Asia 49 4888177940 Southeast Asia 50 4888177941 West Africa 51 4888177942 Western Europe 52 4888177943 Norte Chico A region along the coast of Peru that possessed a highly-developed urban culture as early as 2500 B. Aryan religious stories written down into Vedas, Hinduism dominant religion Buddhism began in India during this era. Cultural diffusion: Lateen sail flattened triangular shape permitted sailing far from coast. Encourages self knowledge and acceptance of the ways things are.
Basic tenets of Buddhism: The Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path to Enlightenment. Needs Flash to work - see recommendation on how to use browsers for iPad, etc. Indicates that religion came before organization of labor, settlement and agriculture 69 4888177961 Fertile Crescent A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates 70 4888177962 Teosinte a wild grass found in the highlands of Mexico, is the wild ancestor of maize. Jesus was arrested and executed by Roman officials because he aroused suspicious among Jewish leaders, and seen as a dangerous rebel rouser. Buddhism emphasizes the soul's yearning for understandings on a higher plane, but it supported the notion that anyone of any social position could follow the Eightfold Path successfully. Olmecs in Mesoamerica: highly developed astronomy; used to predict agricultural cycles and please the gods, polytheism, religious rituals important, shamans as healers, ritual ballgames, irrigation and drainage canals, giant carved stone heads; probably with religious significance, Jaguar symbol important, Chavin in Andean region: Polytheism, statues of jaguar men, square stone architecture, no mortar, well developed agriculture based on maize, unique geography: coast, mountains, jungle.
They simplified cuneiform to facilitate trade, and produced an alphabet with 22 characters and it became the basis of alphabets in Greece, Rome, and many modern languages. Groups move where there is foods but they are more settlers than nomads. He made Greek architecture, philosophy, science, sculpture, and values diffuse to large areas of the world and greatly increased the importance of Classical Greece as a root culture. Important because it shows how we developed in our cities and economy. A piece of the spirit called the atman is trapped inside humans and other living creatures. Influenced Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam. Earlier part of time period women had property rights.